Monday, October 29, 2012
Essential elements of communication processHello dear friends here you will get Essential elements of communication process, Factors of communication process Or, Features of communication process. Communication process is the sum total of communicational steps. It includes those steps through which communication work is done. The success of communication depends on the following elements or features of communication process:
1. Sender/communicator: Sender of communicator is the person/parties who send the message or idea to the receiver. Sender is the initiator of the message. The sander also treated as source.
2. Encoding: Encoding is the act of putting an idea or a thought of the message into a code or symbolic form. A code is a systematic arrangement or comprehensive collection of symbols, letters, of words that have arbitrary meanings and are used for communication. Encoding means converting or translating the idea into a perceivable form that can be communicated to others. It is also termed as mental wrapping of the communication.
3. Message: Message is the set of symbols that the sender transmits to the receiver through the media. It is the content of the interaction. 4. Media or channel: Media or Channel is the means or ways of transmitting the messages to the receiver. The media of oral communication are face to face conversation, telephone, mobile, conference, meetings etc. the media of written communication are newspaper, letter, report, memo, mail etc.
5. Receiver: Receiver or communicate is the person/parties who receive the message or idea from the sender. If the receiver does not receive any message, there is no communication.
6. Decoding: Decoding is the receiver’s interpretation of the sender’s message. Decoding is the process by which the receiver assigns meaning to the symbols encoded by the sender.
7. Response: After decoding the receiver accept or reject the message. It is the reaction of the receiver of the message known as response. A message can create many kinds of responses into the receiver depending on the context and the nature of message. The response may be immediate, deferred, favorable or unfavorable. When the receiver accepts or response the message in a favorable or unfavorable. When the receiver accepts or response the message in a favorable way the processes of communication continue.
8. Feedback: The receiver’s response to the sender’s message is called feedback. Feedback ensures proper and mutual understanding between sender and receiver. 9. Noise: Noise is an interruption or disturbance to the message sent in the communication process that distorts the meaning of the message.